Equipment for the Training of Horses
Training and gear
Collection (controlled, precise, raised action) and extension (smooth, quick, reaching movement) are two collection types. action—the opposite of group) at all paces; turns on the forehand (that part of the horse in front of the rider) and hindquarters; change of speed; reining b
The bit and aids let you communicate with your horse. The rider uses numerous pieces of equipment to share their intentions to the horse through a mix of recognized hand and leg movements. The horse learns this language, understands what is expected of him, and obeys due to repetition.
The bridle is a collection of straps that secures the bit in the animal’s mouth while allowing human control via the reins (see figure ). The headpiece runs behind the ears and connects to the headband over the brow; the cheek straps down the sides of the head to the bit; blind driving harness, the blinkers, rectangular or round leather flaps that prevent the animal from seeing anything but what is directly in front, are attached to the cheek straps.
A horse’s mentality is characterized by keen observational abilities, instinctive shyness, and a good memory. The horse can understand to some level as well. The rider’s aids are adjusted based on these abilities. The voice, hands through reins and bit, legs and heels, and the rider’s weight movement are all-natural aids. In theory, the whip, spur, and devices like martingales, special nosebands, and reins are all considered artificial aids because the horse does not distinguish between natural and artificial aids.
Horses are readily scared and will flee if they are shocked. A good horse rider will approach them calmly, talking to them and caressing them on the back to reassure them. Some horses may become agitated if the rider remains silent, but they should not be screamed at. The tone and volume of the rider’s voice help train a horse to walk, trot, canter, and halt during early education.
Even at a halt, the rider’s hands maintain a mild, continuous contact with the horse’s lips to keep it awake. The hands and legs work together to maintain contact, propel the horse forward, turn, rein back, and control the forehand in general. When the motion of the bit causes the horse’s jaw to flex, or relax, with its head bent at the poll, or top, the horse is considered to be collected and light in hand.
The legs stimulate the horse’s forward movement when pressed against the flanks at the same time as the hands ease the reins. They are vital in producing and maintaining impulsion, directing the hindquarters, and lateral movement.
Riders attain balance unity by using the weight aid, which involves shifting the body in sync with the horse’s forward, backward, or side motions. When cantering to the left, the rider leans to the left; or when about to descend a steep slope, the rider remains erect while the horse feels for the edge with its forefeet, but as soon as the descent begins, the rider leans forward, leaving the hindquarters free to act as a brake and prevent scraping the back of the horse’s rear legs on rough ground. Meanwhile, the hands keep the horse balanced by keeping it straight.
The saddle, stirrup length, and rider’s seat, or riding style, should all be appropriate for the horse’s intended use. The stirrup’s primary function is to allow the rider to mount the horse from the near (left) side. When rising with the high foot in the stirrup, the rider should avoid digging the horse in the flank and gently slip into position without bumping the animal’s kidneys. The rider can wait until the animal advances while resting on knees and stirrups when riding an enthusiastic horse.
The mouth and loins of the horse are the most sensitive portions of the animal when ridden, especially when jumping. The forehand is controlled by the rider’s hands, while the rider’s legs control the hindquarters. Straightening the back, trunk, and hands front as speed increases, the seat is raised slightly from the saddle, the lower thighs and The knees bear the body’s weight and hold the bridle, freeing the legs below the knees for propulsion. The rider conforms to every movement as the horse’s head advances after takeoff and then retracts Hands, always in line with the horse’s shoulder. The rider does not sit back until two steps after landing to give the hindquarters and hocks complete freedom.
Although the horse is a natural jumper, it will need to be schooled if ridden. Walking the horse, preferably in a snaffle, over several bars or poles set flat on the ground, is the first step in training. The horse’s speed is boosted once it has become accustomed to this. The obstacles are gradually elevated, diverse, and spaced randomly as the horse progresses.
The aim is to teach the horse to do the following:
- It must maintain a calm and collected demeanor when approaching a challenge;
- decide how and where to take off
- land safely
- move calmly to the next obstacle after landing.